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Elders Force Index EFI Indicator Indicator Series

By August 25, 2022September 29th, 2022Forex Trading

The force index takes into account the direction of the stock price, the extent of the stock price movement, and the volume. Using these three elements it forms an oscillator that measures the buying and the selling pressure. Elder’s Force Index is calculated as the daily closing price minus the previous day’s closing price.

elder force index

Moving AverageThe image above shows the plot of the close price, the simple moving average of the 50 day period and exponential moving average of the 200 day period. Also, moving average is a technical indicator which is commonly used with time-series data to smoothen the short-term fluctuations and reduce the temporary variation in data. During the calculation of the indicator, if today’s closing price is higher than yesterday, it’s an implication that the force is positive; otherwise, the force is negative. The overall strength of the indicator is affected greatly by a significant change in price or having a very large volume.

Elder’s Force Index: Use it to Identify Trend and Correction

In addition, it includes two new unpublished indicators – the Market Thermometer and SafeZone stop. This week, the market will be floating in statistics, reports, and releases. The key countries will publish the maximum of interesting information that is almost sure to be reflected in quotes and prices.

In this, he recommended buying above the high price of that day. On the other hand, you should short when the 2-day EMA turns positive during a downtrend. Dr. Alexander Elder is one of the contributors to a newer generation of technical indicators.

  • Cory is an expert on stock, forex and futures price action trading strategies.
  • An unchanged market will return a force index directly on the zero line.
  • Relative strength index is a momentum oscillator to indicate overbought and oversold conditions in the market.
  • As you can imagine, if we are talking about a stock with high volume, the Elder’s Force Index readings will be pretty high.
  • I’m pretty sure you are all familiar with the concept of drawing trend lines on indicators.

If Force index flattens out it indicates that either volumes are falling or large volumes have failed to significantly move prices. DTTW™ is proud to be the lead sponsor of TraderTV.LIVE™, the fastest-growing day trading channel on YouTube. Another thing you will realize is that the extent of the move is what determines the multiplier. Finally, as we mentioned above, volume plays an important role in all this. A big move on high volume will always lead to a higher Force Index. The Force Index is one of the easiest indicators to calculate.

Trading with Force Index of Alexander Elder

Now, we will use the example of Apple to calculate the EMV over the period of 14 days with Python. Apart from using it as a standalone indicator, Ease of Movement is also used with other indicators in best altcoins to trade in 2021 chart analysis. Let us now see how using Python, we can calculate the Force Index over the period of 13 days. Average True RangeThe above two graphs show the Apple stock’s close price and ATR value.

The best Elders Force Index trading strategy is to use it as a supplementary indicator for trend-confirmation. For example, if you’re trading using the MACD or RSI indicator, you can use the Elder Force to confirm if the trade will go in your favor. The hourly chart indicates how to start investing in stocks that Bitcoin has fallen to a support area where it bounced the last few times. This presents a longing opportunity, but only for a short-term trade. We also notice that it broke down when it reached the mean value on the 1H chart, presenting a short opportunity.

Only trade in the direction of the trend – indicated by the slope of the 13-dayEMA. The higher the positive reading on the Force index, the stronger is the bulls‘ power. All active indicators are loaded underneath the Bitcoin price chart. Seeing that the indicator literally has force in its name, you probably want to make sure you use the market to again assess strong trends. As you can imagine, if we are talking about a stock with high volume, the Elder’s Force Index readings will be pretty high.

If the Force Index drops below zero, forming local lows, the market is in a downtrend, and the bears are ruling. Trading the Force Index Indicator The role of the force index indicator in the trading process is very similar to other oscillators and lagging indicators. Given its design, the best way to use this technical tool is to see it as a tool for confirmation of the breakouts. The All Ordinaries Index is shown with 13-day exponential moving average and Force Index. During the strongest trending markets over the last two years, the best data management tools was deviating from the mean average by a significant margin.

Elder’s Force Index Formula

The Force Index uses both price and volume to measure buying and selling pressure. The price portion covers the trend, while the volume portion determines the intensity. At its most basic, chartists can use a long-term Force Index to confirm the underlying trend. The bulls have the edge when the 100-day Force Index is positive. The bears have the edge when the 100-day Force Index is negative.

  • Technical indicators are a set of tools applied to a trading chart to help make the market analysis clearer for the traders.
  • First, there is either a positive or negative price change.
  • Since the Elder’s Force Index can trend in one direction without boundaries, the EFI will often produce longer-term trends.
  • Take the profit after the price reaches a strong resistance level, or when some evidence of an upcoming reversal downwards appears.

From beginners to experts, all traders need to know a wide range of technical terms. Let’s have a look at BTC/USD using as many indicators as i can. The purpose of my post as always is not price predication but more education on what these various indicators and squiggly lines are indicating. As you can see on this Bitstamp 1d chart, BTC is in a Descending Triangle Pattern ‘potentially a Bearish Continuation’ as well as a Falling Wedge Pattern… VeChain Update VeChain had broke out of its previous Falling Wedge Pattern but is still in a downwards channel.

Indicators Q ~ U

The index calculates the market activity using metrics such as the exponential moving average , volume, and length of a trend. The EFI indicator can be used on long-term charts such as the 1W or short-term such as the 1H or 1M . Andrew Elder wrote 5 other books and he developed the Force Index for all markets.

Something like a 100 Period EFI can be used for an intermediate or longer-term trend. Longer period EFI produces a smoother signal than shorter-term EFI. We are now trading on the D chart and the indicator is oscillating near zero which indicates sideways movement. The indicator can only have positive or negative readouts. A positive readout is when the red line trends above zero, and a negative is when it trends below zero. The force is negative if the price of Bitcoin is lower than the closing time of the previous period, and can go into extreme negatives if Bitcoin is constantly on the decline.

  • If you’re long here, stay long — I don’t see anything to turn you around.
  • The Force Index can be used in conjunction with a trend following indicator to identify short-term corrections within that trend.
  • TC2000 platform & data subscriptions are offered by TC2000 Software Company („TCS“).
  • Small moves produce small multipliers that reduce the influence.
  • If traders are selling Bitcoin, the selling force is higher and the price goes down.
  • All three are combined by the EFI to create the oscillator.

The table below shows the Force Index calculations for Pfizer . Line 27 marks the biggest move (+84 cents) and the biggest volume . This combination produces the biggest Force Index value on the table . A shorter-term force index creates a lot of whipsaws, as even moderate price moves or volume increases can cause big swings in the indicator.

The EFI is an oscillator that fluctuates between positive and negative values, above and below a Zero Line. Alexander Elder, the indicator’s creator, believed that there are three components to a security’s price movement. All three of these components are combined by the EFI to generate the oscillator.

When force index hits a new low, the bears have greater strength, and the downtrend will usually sustain itself. The three key components of the force index are the direction of price change, the extent of the price change, and the trading volume. When the force index is used in conjunction with a moving average, the resulting figure can accurately measure significant changes in the power of bulls and bears. Each of these three factors plays an important role in the determination of the force index. For example, a big advance in prices, which is given by the extent of the price movement, shows a strong buying pressure. A big decline in heavy volume indicates strong selling pressure.


During an uptrend, EFI can present buying opportunities in the form of price corrections. EFI can temporarily drop into negative territory when price dips before continuing the uptrend. The Elder Force Index indicator is used to measure the power driving a movement in the price. It tries to highlight potential price reversals and corrections by analyzing the direction, length, and volume driving the price movement. This minimizes noise in the price action and helps traders make the right call.